Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that affects the part of the urinary tract. When the infection affects the lower urinary tract, it is known as a bladder infection (systitis) and when it affects the upper urinary tract it is known as kidney infection (pyelonephritis). Symptoms of low urinary tract infections include pain with urination, frequent urination and feeling the need to urinate despite being empty bladder. Symptoms of a kidney infection usually include fever and stomach pain except for fewer UTI symptoms. Suddenly urine bloody will appear. In very old and very young, symptoms can be ambiguous or non-specific.
The most common cause of infection is Escherichia coli, although other bacteria or fungi can rarely be the cause. Risk factors may sometimes include female anatomy, sexual intercourse, diabetes, obesity, and family history. Although sexual intercourse is a risk factor, UTI has not been classified as sexually transmitted infections (STI). Kidney infections, if this happens, usually follow the bladder infection, but this can also lead to blood-borne infection. Diagnosis in young healthy women can be based on symptoms shown. In people with obscure symptoms, diagnosis can be difficult because bacteria can be present without infection. In complex cases or if treatment fails, then a urine culture can be useful.
In incomplete cases, UTI is treated with a small course of antibiotics such as nitrofurantoin or trimethoprim / sulfamethoxazole. The resistance of many antibiotics used to treat this condition is increasing. In complex cases, a long course or intravenous antibiotics may be needed. If symptoms do not improve in two or three days, further diagnosis may be required. Phenazopyridine can help with symptoms.Those people who have bacteria or white blood cells in their urine but have no symptoms, usually antibiotics are not required, although it is an exception during pregnancy. In people with frequent infections, a small course of antibiotics can be taken as soon as symptoms start or antibiotics can be used as a preventive remedy for long periods of time.
About 150 million people develop urinary tract infections in one year. These infections are more common in women than in men. In women, they are in the form of bacterial infection. 10% of women have urinary tract infections in one year, and half women have at least one infection at some point in their lifetime. They are the most often between the ages of 16 and 35 years. Recurrences are common. Since ancient times, urinary tract infection has been described, which is c in the eBooks Papyrus with the description of the first document. 1550 BC