Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD is a mental disorder that can develop on the life of a person after experiencing trauma, sexual harassment, traffic collisions or other threats, such as contact with trauma. Symptoms) Disturbing thoughts, feelings, or dreams can do. Attempts to avoid events related to trauma-related signals, mental or physical aches, signs of trauma, changes in thinking and feeling of a person, and increasing the fight-or-flight response. These symptoms last for more than one month of the event. Young children are less likely to show a crisis, but they can express their memories through sports. A person with PTSD is at a higher risk for suicide and deliberate suicide.
Most people who have experienced a traumatic event will not develop PTSD. People who experience such traumatic conditions (for example, rape or child abuse) are more likely to develop PTSD, compared to those who experience non-attack-based trauma, such as accidents and natural disasters. Nearly half of people develop PTSD after a rape, compared to developing PTSD after trauma to children, especially if they are under 10 years of age. Diagnosis is based on the presence of specific symptoms after a painful event.
Prevention can be possible when counseling is targeted on people with initial symptoms but is not effective when all stroke-stricken people are provided or not, whether symptoms exist. The main treatment for people with PTSD is psychotherapy and medication. Selective serotonin reptile barrier type antidepressants are the first line medicines for PTSD, and as a result, approximately half of people benefit. Benefits of medication are seen less than counseling. It is not known whether the use of medicines and counseling together is of greater benefit than the different method. Other drugs do not have enough evidence to support their use and, in the case of benzodiazepine, the results may worsen.
In the United States, approximately 3.5% of adults have PTSD in a given year, and 9% develop it in their lifetime at any given time. In the rest of the world, the rate is between 0.5% and 1% during any given year. There may be higher rates in areas of armed conflict. It tends to be more common in women than in men. Symptoms of trauma-related psychiatric disorders have been documented at least from the time of ancient Greeks. During World Wars, the condition was known under various conditions including "shell shock" and "combat neurosis". The term "posttraumatic stress disorder" was used in large part in the 1970s due to the diagnosis of the US military veterans of the Vietnam War. It was officially recognized by the American Psychiatric Association in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM-III) in 1980.