Gastritis is the inflammation or damage to the lining of the stomach. It can be in the form of a short episode or may be of long duration. There can be no symptoms but, when the symptoms are present, the most common upper abdominal pain occurs. Other possible symptoms include nausea and vomiting, swelling, loss of appetite, and heartburn. Complications can include bleeding, stomach ulcers, and tumors in the stomach. Due to autoimmune problems, due to lack of adequate vitamin B12 there may be few red blood cells, a condition called fatal anemia.
Common causes include the use of infection with Helicobacter pylori and the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Other causes include alcohol, smoking, cocaine, severe illness, autoimmune problems, radiation therapy and Crohn's disease. Endoscopy, a type of X-ray known as the upper gastrointestinal tract, can help in the diagnosis of blood tests and feces. Symptoms of gastritis may be present in myocardial infarction. Other conditions with similar symptoms include swelling of the pancreas, gallbladder problems and peptic ulcer disease.
Prevention is to avoid things that cause disease. Treatments include drugs such as antacid, H2 blockers, or proton pump inhibitors. Drinking sticky lidocaine during an acute attack can help. If gastritis occurs due to NSAIDs, then they can be prevented. If H. If the pylori is present, then it can be treated with antibiotics such as amoxicillin and clarythromycin. For people with lethal anemia, vitamin B12 supplements are recommended either by mouth or by injection. People are usually advised to avoid foods that bother them.
It is believed that gastritis affects about half of the people worldwide. In 2013 there were about 90 million new cases of condition. As people grow older this disease becomes more common. It was in the first part of the intestines known as duodenitis, with a similar condition, which resulted in 50,000 deaths in 2015. H. Pylori was invented in 1981 by Barry Marshall Robin Warren.